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Solid Waste Management

Municipal Waste Management

Solid waste is defined as any discarded solid fractions, generated from domestic units, trade centres, commercial establishments. Industries and agriculture, institutions, public services and mining activities. Characteristic of waste vary based on place of generation and the season in which it is generated. The Ministry of Urban Development has classified solid waste in fourteen categories based on the source, origin and type of waste i.e. domestic waste, municipal waste, commercial waste, institutional waste, garbage, rubbish, ashes, bulky waste, street sweepings, dead animals, construction and demolition waste, industrial waste, hazardous waste and sewage waste. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) includes commercial and residential wastes generated in a municipal and notified area in either solid and semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes. Solid Waste Management system includes collection, segregation, transportation, processing and disposal of waste.Read more

Manure & Agri Residues

Due to increase in population, there is an intensive increase in volume and type of waste agricultural biomass or Agri residues as well as livestock production which becoming a serious problem as rotten agricultural waste and animal waste (manure) emits methane and leachate, and open burning of these waste by farmer increase the level of pollution in the atmosphere. These improper managements of agricultural waste and manure will lead to the climate change and soil and water contamination and cause air pollution. In order to manage agricultural and manure waste, proper solid waste management is required which not only solve the problem of waste disposal but also convert waste into energy/fuel as well as bio-fertilizer. Hence it is important to create awareness and to build capacity to promote solid waste management based on 3Rs i.e. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle.Technologies for processing & treatment of solid waste are Composting, Anaerobic Digestion/Bio-methanation, Incineration, Gasification/pyrolysis, Plasma Technologies, Production of Drop in Fuels (DIF) etc.
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