Biomass power / Cogen / CHP
In this technology biomass is being burnt in a high pressure boiler to generate steam and operate a turbine The net power cycle efficiencies that can be achieved are about 23-25%. The exhaust of the steam turbine can either be fully condensed or used partly or fully as process heat. In India the potential for power generation from agro residue (stalks, stems, straws) and agro-industrial residue (shells, husks, de-oiled cakes, etc.) is estimated about 25,000 MW. The potential for bagasse Combined Heat & Power(CHP)/Cogeneration lies mainly in the nine sugar producing States, with the maximum potential of about 1250 MW each in the State of Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.And in order to harness the full potential of it capacity building is required. Ministry of New & Renewable Energy is promoting a Biomass Power & Bagasse Co-generation Programme under which more than 300 project of aggregating to about 4760 MW capacity have been installed (till Dec.2015) and about 30 projects of 350 MW is under implementation. Hence in order to meet the potential technology development and capacity building need to be done.The advantages of Biomass Power, Cogeneration/CHP are higher efficiencies of the plant, higher yield, reduction in energy waste, reduction in Green House Gas emissions and other pollutants, reduce base load electricity supply, reduce primary energy cost, help in reducing carbon footprints.
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