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Renewable Energy

There has been a visible impact of renewable energy in the Indian energy scenario during the last five years. Renewable energy sector landscape in India has, during the last few years, witnessed tremendous changes in the policy framework with accelerated and ambitious plans to increase the contribution of solar energy. There is a perception that renewable energy can now play a significant role, as also, there is a confidence in the technologies and capacity to do so. Enlarging the scope of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission symbolizes both, and indeed encapsulates the vision and ambition for the future.

Renewable Energy Potential

India has an estimated renewable energy potential of about 900 GW from commercially exploitable sources viz.
  • Wind – 102 GW
  • Small Hydro – 20 GW
  • Bio-energy – 25 GW
  • 750 GW solar power
 
State wise renewable energy potential (in MW)
Sl. No. States/UTs Wind Power Small Hydro Power Bio-Energy Solar Total
Biomass Power Bagasse Cogeneration Waste to Energy
1 Andhra Pradesh 14497 978 578 300 123 38440 54916
2 Arunachal Pradesh 236 1341 8 8650 10236
3 Assam 112 239 212 8 13760 14330
4 Bihar 144 223 619 300 73 11200 12559
5 Chhattisgarh 314 1107 236 24 18270 19951
6 Goa 7 26 880 912
7 Gujarat 35071 202 1221 350 112 35770 72726
8 Haryana 93 110 1333 350 24 4560 6470
9 Himachal Pradesh 64 2398 142 2 33840 36446
10 Jammu & Kashmir 5685 1431 43 111050 118208
11 Jharkhand 91 209 90 10 18180 18580
12 Karnataka 13593 4141 1131 450 24700 44015
13 Kerala 837 704 1044 36 6110 8732
14 Madhya Pradesh 2931 820 1364 78 61660 66853
15 Maharashtra 5961 794 1887 1250 287 64320 74500
16 Manipur 56 109 13 2 10630 10811
17 Meghalaya 82 230 11 2 5860 6185
18 Mizoram 169 1 2 9090 9261
19 Nagaland 16 197 10 7290 7513
20 Orissa 1384 295 246 22 25780 27728
21 Punjab 441 3172 300 45 2810 6768
22 Rajasthan 5050 57 1039 62 142310 148518
23 Sikkim 98 267 2 4940 5307
24 Tamil Nadu 14152 660 1070 450 151 17670 34152
25 Telangana 20410 20410
26 Tripura 47 3 2 2080 2131
27 Uttar Pradesh 1260 461 1617 1250 176 22830 27593
28 Uttarakhand 534 1708 24 5 16800 19071
29 West Bengal 22 396 396 148 6260 7222
30 Andaman & Nicobar 365 8 0 373
31 Chandigarh 6 0 6
32 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0 0
33 Daman & Diu 4 0 4
34 Delhi 131 2050 2181
35 Lakshadweep 0 0
36 Puducherry 120 3 0 123
37 Others 1022 790 1812
Total 102772 19749 17536 5000 2554 748990 896602

Renewable Energy Targets

Immediately after the Prime Minister’s inaugural address to the 1st Renewable Energy Global Investor Meet & Expo (RE-INVEST 2015) on 15th February, 2015 articulating the future of renewable as “moving from megawatt to gigawatt”, the Government quickly worked towards laying down actionable plans for the Renewable Energy sector to make a quantum jump. Many investors and stakeholders have committed their investments in the sector by taking up projects in different parts of the country. The Government has laid a strong foundation for the penetration of renewable energy in India in the coming years. The Government has up-scaled the target of renewable energy capacity to 175 GW by the year 2022 which includes:
  • 100 GW from solar
  • 60 GW from wind
  • 10 GW from bio-power and
  • 5 GW from small hydro-power
The capacity target of 100 GW set under the National Solar Mission (JNNSM) will principally comprise of 40 GW Rooftop and 60 GW through Large and Medium Scale Grid Connected Solar Power Projects. With this ambitious target, India will become one of the largest Green Energy producers in the world, surpassing several developed countries. The target, which looked overambitious, now seems within the realms of reality with several States already witnessing silent revolution on rooftop solar power generation with the launch of net metering in the country.
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